Present-day Bangladesh has a long cultural history. The land, the rivers, and the lives of the Bengali people form a rich heritage with marked differences from neighboring regions. It has evolved over the centuries and encompasses the cultural diversity of several social groups of Bangladesh. The Bengal Renaissance of the 19th and early 20th centuries noted Bengali writers, saints, authors, scientists, researchers, thinkers, music composers, painters, and film-makers have played a significant role in the development of Bengali culture. The Bengal Renaissance contained the seeds of a nascent political Indian nationalism and was the precursor in many ways to modern Indian artistic and cultural expression. The culture of Bangladesh is composite and over the centuries has assimilated influences of Islam, Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Christianity. It is manifested in various forms, including music, dance, and drama; art and craft; folklore and folktale; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festivals and celebrations; as well as in a distinct cuisine and culinary tradition.
The culture of Bangladesh refers to the way of life of the people of Bangladesh.
Bangladesh is blessed with deep, rich and fertile soil, a gift from the three major rivers that form the deltaic plain upon which it sits. The Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers all wend their way down from the Himalayas, carrying nutrients to replenish Bangladesh's fields.
PEOPLE The People of Bangladesh possess a rich culture and a language of their own called Bangla. The main staple food is fish and rice. Today substantial populations with Bangladeshi ancestry, as a result of emigration, exist in many different parts of the world, most notably in the United Kingdom, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and North America. Population estimates vary from a 7 million to 10 million diaspora.
RELIGION About 90 percent of Bangladeshis are Muslims, making Bangladesh one of the largest Muslim countries in the world. The Muslim community in Bangladesh tends to be accommodating to other faiths and beliefs and Bangladesh is known for its lack of communal strife. Hinduism is professed by about 09 percent of the population. There are also a significant numbers of members of Buddhist and Christian communities in Bangladesh who are enjoying equal rights.
ISLAM Bangladesh is one of the largest Muslim countries in the world. Most Bangladeshi Muslims are Sunnis, but there is a small Shia community. Among religious festivals of Muslims are the Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Eid-e-Miladunnabi, Muharram, etc.
HINDUISM Hinduism is the second largest religious affiliation in Bangladesh, covering more than 9.2% of the population. Hindus in Bangladesh are almost evenly distributed in all regions, with concentrations in Khulna, Jessore, Dinajpur, Faridpur, and Barisal. Durga Puja, Saraswati Puja and Kali Puja are some of the important Hindu festivals in Bangladesh.
BUDDHISM In the Chittagong Hills, Buddhist tribes form the majority of the population. There are approximately 1 million Buddhists in Bangladesh, representing less than 1 percent of the population.
CHRISTIANITY There are less than one million Christians in Bangladesh, mostly Roman Catholic. Christians account for approximately 0.3% of the total population.